Characterization of Portuguese wine styles

Douro wine region

Considered by many as the most beautiful wine-growing region in the world, Douro is undoubtedly a region of "gold", due to its beauty, grandiosity and excellence in the production of wines with unique features that impart a colour, an aroma and taste second to none.

Indeed this region is one of the most beautiful of the wine-growing regions of the world, and I say this after seeing many other regions, which in my opinion, are not equal. It is a historical treasure, the first demarcated region of the world, and those who live there have the privilege of enjoying every day. It is here that the entire Port Wine, a unique style of wine in the world, is produced. However, other wines are also produced here.

In its terraces arise some of the most worldwide appreciated wines as a result of the hard work of man, since its slopes do not allow the mechanization of wine-growing work. It is a heroic viticulture, held in an almost unrealistic scenario, attributing to those that practice it the heroes status; there is even a heroic viticulture certification to value their work.

The wine region of Douro is now a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It is characterized by a rugged orography and is divided into three sub-regions: Baixo Corgo, Cima Corgo and Douro Superior, where white wines, rosé wines, red wines, sparkling wines and Port wines are produced. It is estimated that half of the wine production is allocated to the Port, with the remaining production in white wines, rosé wines, red wines and sparkling wines.
The Terroir of the Douro region (Figure No. 8) is very wide, with numerous variables: from the exposure of the vineyards, to the altitude, the rainfall and temperature.

The grape varieties of the region date back to the Middle Ages, hence its great adaptation to the Douro Terroir. Some of these grape varieties dating from the time of the Cistercian Order, the most used in the region as Touriga Nacional, Touriga Franca, Tinta Barroca, Tinta Roriz, Tinto Cao, Tinta Amarela, Trincadeira and Sousão as red varieties, and Malvasia Fina, Gouveio, Rabigato, Donzelinho, Viosinho and Moscatel Galego, in white varieties.

In addition to the grape varieties that I just mentioned there are several other, but nevertheless, the total planting area is much lower.

A strong tannic structure in the mouth is characteristic of the Douro wines, and the whole of its bouquet is very rich. Such complexity is due to the Terroir of the region and its diversity, which provides diverse and intense wines.

This is also the national region that has most potential for the development of Wine Tourism projects. The variety of its offer is synonymous of attraction for an active type of tourism. With an already high reputation at this level, with a growing number of tourists who travel to farms to participate in the grape harvest and traditional lagaradas, the region can and should seek to enhance through its economic actors the traits that make it unique and an attractiveness factor for those who visit.

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